Two-Micron Continuous-Wave Laser-Assisted Neuroendoscopy: Clinical Experience of Two Institutions in 524 Procedures

 2019 Feb;122:e81-e88. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.064. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Authors: Schuhmann MU, Kural C, Lalla L, Ebner FH, Bock C, Ludwig HC.

OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical experience of 2 neurosurgical centers with the use of a 2-micron continuous-wave laser (2μ-cwL) system as standard tool in neuroendoscopic procedures and to discuss the safety and efficacy of this system.

METHODS: In total, 469 patients underwent neuroendoscopic procedures using 2μ-cwL between September 2009 and January 2015. All patient data were retrospectively reviewed. In total, 241 (51%) patients were children and 228 (49%) adults. Mean age was 27.5 years (range: 3 days to 83 years). Intraoperative ultrasonography or neuronavigation were used to guide ventricular or cyst puncture and for intraventricular or intracystic orientation if necessary.

RESULTS: A total of 524 neuroendoscopic procedures using 2μ-cwL were performed. Laser-assisted endoscopic third ventriculostomy was the most common procedure in 302 (64%) patients. Cyst fenestration was performed in 124 (26%), septostomy in 45, tumor biopsy in 41, tumor resection in 8, and choroid plexus coagulation in 3 patients. There was no intraoperative complication directly attributable to the use of laser and an overall procedural complication rate of 4.8%.

CONCLUSIONS: This large series of 2μ-cwL as a routine tool in neuroendoscopic procedures demonstrates that 2μ-cwL is safe for endoscopic third ventriculostomy, septostomy, cyst fenestration, and intraventricular tumor biopsy or resection. As a cutting and coagulation tool, it combines the action of mechanical tools like forceps, balloons, and scissors plus those of electric tools. It therefore renders neuroendoscopic procedures more straightforward with a minimum need to change tools.

KEYWORDS: Cyst fenestration; Endoscopic third ventriculostomy; Laser; Neuroendoscopy; Septostomy